Kertha Gosa is located in the center of the regency town of Klungkung, about one and a half hours drive from Denpasar City. Visiting Kertha Gosa is a must for those taking a tour to the eastern part of Bali. It is very natural that as an former great kingdom in the past, Klungkung has many tourist attractions that can now be visited.
One is the Taman Gili in Kerta Gosa, the Semarapura Klungkung Palace cultural heritage. Kerta Gosa is a building (bale) that is part of the Semarapura Palace building complex and was built around 1686 by peletak power base and the first throne holder of Klungkung Kingdom, Ida I Dewa Agung Jambe.
Building Structure of Kerta Gosa
The tourist attraction of Kerta Gosa consists of two buildings (bale), namely Bale Kertagosa and Bale Kambang. Called Bale Kambang because this building is surrounded by a pond, namely Taman Gili. The uniqueness of the Kerta Gosa in Klungkung is also the building of Bale Kambang. It is on the ceiling or bale ceiling, decorated with traditional paintings (wayang style) that depict the cases being tried, as well as the types of penalties to be received, if they make mistakes.
The story and function of Kerta Gosa
The function of the two buildings is closely related to the function of education by means of the paintings presented in the ceiling buildings of the puppet. The paintings are a series of stories which address the main subjects, namely Swargarokanaparwa and parwa Bima Swarga, guide punishment Karma Phala (result of the good-bad deeds of human life) and re-incarnation in the world for deeds and sin-sin.
Because nobody said that if the psychological, theme paintings decorate the Kerta Gosa ceiling building load values mental and spiritual education. Painting is split into a six-terraced row.
The topics derived from Tantri Story are shown in the bottom row. Suite Second from the bottom shows the theme of Swargarakanaparwa’s Bimaswarga story. Next theme catenarian Bagawan Kasyapa story.
Fourth row to take up a Palalindon or meaning characteristic theme and the meaning of the occurrence of earthquakes in mythologist. Continuation of the story is taken from the Bimaswarga theme painted on the fifth row near the cone-shaped roof construction. A description of Nirwana’s life in the last row or sixth place.
In addition to the Kerta Gosa building ceiling, puppet paintings also decorate the Kerta Gosa Bale Kambang west ceiling. Bale Kambang puppet on the palate this painting comes to take the themes from Kakawin Ramayana and Sutasoma’s story.
The theme comes from guide kakawin this function that the building is the place Bale Kambang under one’s religious ceremony that is Klungkung King’s Manusa Yadnya cut teeth kids.
The attractiveness of Kerta Gosa paintings is noble pemedal (gate) than in Kamasan’s traditional style at Kerta Gosa Bale and Bale Kambang, another important heritage that still exists and can not be separated in terms of the value of history.
Pemedal Court located in the west of Kerta Gosa emits Palace values of a very cultural heritage. Traditional Balinese architecture is pemedal this Court on the value of art. This is the gate that has been functioning in Klungkung for over 200 years (1686-1908) as a cantilever holder of the throne of power mechanisms (Dewa Agung).
In case of war against the Dutch military expedition known as the Puputan Klungkung on April 28, 1908, the last Dewa Agung Jambe and autumn throne holder followers. (This monument is now recorded in Puputan Klungkung, located across the Kerta Gosa).
The settlement was made after the defeat in Palace Semarapura (viscera) building core and destroyed. The highest remaining rubble of Kerta Gosa, Bale Kambang Taman Gili with its Portal Palace and the object appeared to be very interesting in both tourism and cultural historical studies in particular.
Kerta Gosa also worked as a central court during the Dutch colonial bureaucracy in Klungkung (1908-1942) and since the appointment of officials as head of the Klungkung Kingdom (Ida I Dewa Agung Negara Klungkung) in 1929.
In fact, equipment such as chairs and tables, wood carving and painting are still prade (gold paint) used by the court. Objects to evidence court heritage institutions such as the traditional customs applicable in Klungkung during the colonial period (1908-1942) and the Japanese occupation period (1043-1945).
In the year 1930, there was a puppet in Kerta Gosa and Bale Kambang painted by Kamasan’s artists to restore the painting. Last painting restored in 1960.