West Bali National Park is one of the island’s most spectacular national parks on the west in Jembrana and most tip of the island in Buleleng Regency. Bali Barat (West Bali) National Park is a valuable natural treasure with nearly 200,000 acres of arid forests and mangrove swamps.
Until recently, rice terraces and other human endeavors had sculpted this one of the few areas left. West Bali National Park area is a green spread around 150 kilometers along Denpasar–Gilimanuk–Singaraja main road.
This park’s topography has a steady gradation between mountain, hill, valley, bay and sea. The mountain area comprises up to 71 percent of the total park area as a protected forest with multiple faunas such as deer, forest pig, lion, birth etc. Meanwhile the flat area is located about 29 percent north of Gilimanuk–Singaraja main road to Java Sea.
Looking from the concept, this area is a Giri / Gunung or mountains that the forest (Wanagiri) completes. There is a word mention Ning Wana Ukir, according to Kidung Utama Tantri script, which gives the direction that the philosophy of Wana Giri is well written to describe the totality of this world.
Here there are various fauna, including Jalak Putih Bali / Bali starling (Leuoeopsarrhotschildi) and Bull (Bos javanicus), monkey (Presbytis cristata, Macaca sp.), Antelop (Muntiacus Muntjak), deer (Cervus timorensis), Scaly anteater (Manis javanica), hedgehog (Hystrix javanica), Acridotenis fuscus, Picoides mucet, Sturnus melanotenus, Sturnus contra, Orialus chinensis, Haliastur sp., Galus sp.
Because Bali is such an intensively cultivated, densely populated island, very little wild forest remains. Such remaining primary monsoon forests (about 50,000 hectares) are found along the watershed at the west end of the island, on the slopes of the Sangiang, Merbuk, Musi, and Patas mountains, an area not nearly as rough as the eastern Bali higher mountains.
The park offers exceptional walking and first – class panoramas, more like a forest than a jungle. Forest, savannah, mangrove, coast, beach, and forest preservation are the types of land. Sawo kecik (Manilkara kooki) and palm (Borrassus flellifer) are the plantations that formed the pure forest.